Publication title: World trends in freedom of expression and media development
Publisher: UNESCO, 2014
Each of the report's four chapters, on freedom (chapter 1), pluralism (chapter 2), independence (chapter 3) and safety (chapter 4), contains a section of gender .
In the foreword section, Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO explains the impetus for the report. "At the 36th session of the General Conference (November 2011), Member States mandated UNESCO to explore the impact of change on press freedom and the safety of journalists".
Bokova underlines four angles of analysis adopted "to review emerging trends, through the conditions of media freedom, pluralism and independence, as well as the safety of journalists. At each level, the Report has also examined trends through the lens of gender equality".
On media freedom for instance, the report highlights the continued "relative exclusion of women in news content by mainstream media and even online media", echoing findings of the Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP) research in 2010.
Download the UNESCO report here.